International Labor Organization

Committee Information

Title: International Labor Organization

Organ: Economic and Social Council Committees and Specialized Agencies

Chair: Zahra Husain

Topic A: Child Labor

Topic A Summary:

According to the Human Development Report 2015, there are 168 million children worldwide trapped in childhood labor, accounting for over 11% of the overall child population. The ILO has made strides in significantly decreasing the actual number of children plagued by this harm. Yet many of the problems which contribute to childhood labor are ones that could be easily rectified by making structural changes in one's local environment. This topic will seek to uncover both short- and long-term ways to mitigate the problem of childhood labor, both on the local and international level. Drawing on the UN Convention on the Rights of a Child and many other international frameworks, it will be up to delegates to form cooperative, creative solutions to combat childhood labor and contribute to the achievement of several Millennium Development Goals.

Topic B: A Case Study: Gender Wage Gap in Latin America

Topic B Summary:

This topic will look at international standards and laws of women's rights and economic equality. This will allow delegates who are not representing Latin American countries to be able to build a position. For example, women's rights and human rights often get a poor reputation for being pushed on developing and non-super power countries by the US and allies. The background guide will set up discussion on issues of whether there should be a universal standard, how the global community can help with the gender gap in South America, and what solutions the international community can contribute to. It will then look at Latin America and compare policies in different countries. In the background guide, we will discuss various countries and current events that impact inequality. For example, a lot of information is available on Brazil, so that would definitely be something to cover. The goal of the background guide will be to set up a comparative background that allows delegates to understand the specific problems facing each country and other problems that are more regional. This will allow delegates to better understand the scope of the issue. We hope this will allow the debate to not only tackle issues facing Latin America in the present but also create a framework for continuing improvement going forward.

Background Guide


Letter from the Chair

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to ILMUNC India! My name is Zahra Husain, and it is my distinct honor to be your chair for the International Labour Organization this year.

I was born and raised in Washington, D.C., where I attended an all-girls school for ten years. At Penn, I am majoring in international relations and minoring in economics and international development. I am actually writing my senior thesis of India's rise as a global power, so I am excited to visit for the first time and get to discuss important global issues with all of you.

On campus, I am the Director of Community Outreach and Engagement for the International Affairs Association. This means that I spend a lot of time working with local high schools to implement international relations into the curriculum and plan an annual conference for local students on Penn's campus. Additionally, I am a research assistant in the Political Science Department doing comparative analysis of criminal codes in countries across the world. In my free time, I love to explore every corner of Philadelphia, searching for new, amazing food to try.

As for my interest in Model UN, I started competing in the seventh grade and in college, I have loved being on the other side as a chair. I look forward to meeting all of you in November and having a great committee. The secretariat is working hard to ensure this conference runs smoothly and you all get a lot out of it. I encourage you all to conduct thorough research and come to committee with a professional, focused mindset in order to have a successful debate and also to be ready for a fun weekend with an amazing group of people!

I am counting down the days until conference starts and cannot wait to see you then!

Zahra Husain
Chair, International Labor Organization

Dynamic Background Guide